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From Agrippa to Julius Caesar: These Military Figures Made History in Ancient Rome

The saying “Rome was not built in a day” is enough to let us know the great nation has gone through a lot. This is why so many people (especially men) think about the history of the Roman Empire at least once a day. Many wonder about who shaped the nation. This article is dedicated to some of the greatest generals in ancient Rome and their exploits.

Scipio Africanus

Also known as Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Scipio Africanus was a Roman general who lived from 236 to 183 BC. He was also a skilled diplomat and politician who strengthened the institutions and traditions of the Roman Republic. 

Courtesy: Pinterest

Scipio Africanus is honored for his role in the Second Punic War (218-210 BC). He defeated Hannibal, the Carthaginian general, at the Battle of Zama in 202 BC. This victory made Rome the dominant power in the Mediterranean region; he was elected consul after the war.

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was a Roman statesman and general who lived from 63 to 12 BC. As a skilled military commander, Marcus played a huge role in Rome’s victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.

Courtesy: World History Encyclopedia

As the right-hand man of the first Roman emperor, Augustus, he was a key administrator in the ancient Roman empire. He also spearheaded public works projects like the construction of the Aqua Virgo and Aqua Julia aqueducts to supply Romans with fresh water.


Born Marcus Ulpius Traianus, Trajan was a Roman Emperor who lived from 53 to 117 AD. As one of the greatest military rulers in the history of Rome, he is also considered one of the Five Good Emperors.

Courtesy: Britannica

He played a major role in the Roman conquest of Dacia (modern-day Romania) and the expansion of the Empire to the Middle East. He also made humanitarian reforms to eradicate poverty and support orphans. Characterized by relative prosperity and peace, his reign was the Golden Age of the Roman Empire.


Augustus, born Gaius Octavius, was the first Roman Emperor who lived from 63 BC to 14 AD. He played a key role in transforming the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. He became the undisputed leader of Rome by navigating the power struggles of the Senate. 

Courtesy: Britannica

Augustus is responsible for the Pax Romana, which is 200 years of relative peace and stability. As a patron of the arts, he also commissioned many of the literature and architecture that have survived to date. Augustus is remembered for strengthening the Roman economy and enhancing public infrastructure.

Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar was a Roman statesman, general, and author who lived from 100 to 44 BC. The military commander was known for his innovative tactics, political career, literary works, and his role in the Roman Civil War.

Courtesy: Britannica

His most popular military achievements are his conquests of Britain and Gaul (modern-day France). He also wrote commentaries on the Gallic and Civil Wars. Unfortunately, he was assassinated by some senators who feared his influence in 44 BC. 

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